Comparison of potential habitat of Genus Schismatoglottis in Kelantan based on different qualitative methods

Chiong Sie Chai, Alexson Sie Chai (2017) Comparison of potential habitat of Genus Schismatoglottis in Kelantan based on different qualitative methods. [Undergraduate Final Year Project Report] (Submitted)

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Abstract

Forest is a large area dominated by trees. Hundreds of more precise definitions of forests are used throughout the world, incorporating factors such as tree density, tree height, land use, legal standing and ecological function. Schismatoglottis is a genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family. They are highly diversified in life form and leaf and inflorescence characteristic. They are found on lofty soil banks in forest. Tribe schismatoglottideae is a terrestrial, rheophytic or lithophytic herbs outspread in tropical Asia. In the research, the potential distribution of genus Schismatoglottis had been selected in study. The species that had been preferred from the genus Schismatoglottis is Schismatoglottis brevicuspis and Schismatoglottis calyptrata. The Ecological Niche Modelling (ENM) method had been applied to generate the potential map distribution of Schismatoglottis brevicuspis and Schismatoglottis calyptrata in Kelantan. The 19 bioclimatic variables, harmonized world soil database and shutter radar topography mission had been obtained at online database were layered by using Geographic Information System (GIS) in order to identify the area of distribution. MAXENT had applied to overcome localities data of the species using the probability distribution by running 100 replicates model per species. The percentage of Ecological Niche Modelling (ENM) was compared with Area of Occupancy (AOO) and Extent of Occurrence (EOO). The result in percentage show ENM is suitable in species modelling for the conservation of species habitat. The value of ENM is shown about 3.26 % for Schismatoglottis calyptrata and 7.12 % for Schismatoglottis brevicuspis. The percentage of AOO and EOO for Schismatoglottis calyptrata is 0.55 % and 67.44 %, while for Schismatoglottis brevicuspis is 0.55 % and 60.73 % respectively.

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Year Project Report
Faculty: Faculty of Earth Sciences
Depositing User: En. Shahrul Afzan Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 09:22
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2017 09:22
URI: http://umkeprints.umk.edu.my/id/eprint/8846
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