Investigation of structural, physical and thermal properties of bio-composite thin film from waste banana peel

Khor , Jia Yen (2017) Investigation of structural, physical and thermal properties of bio-composite thin film from waste banana peel. [Undergraduate Final Year Project Report] (Submitted)

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Reinforcement and banana peel as matrix in the manufacturing of bio-composite thin film. Banana peel fibers exhibit a good renewable material for the substitution of cement based composite. However, the bio-composite properties are limited by the poor adhesion between natural fiber interface and polymer matrix, which could be then improved by chemical modifications on fibers. In this research, banana peels were subjected to silane treatment. Bio-composite thin film manufacturing processes were carried out with blending and hand lay-up technique with various concentrations of eggshell filler which were EWE 0%, EWE 5% and EWE 10%. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transformation Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and thickness swelling test were conducted on silane treated and untreated banana peel bio-composite samples. In XRD analysis, it was found that EWE 10% samples has the highest crystallinity compared to EWE 0% and EWE 5% and silane treated samples achieved higher crystallinity than untreated samples. For FTIR test, lignin component has been removed in silane treatment with the evidence of the characteristic IR peak changed and new bonds (-Si-O-C-, –Si-O-Si- and -Si-C-) found in silane treated samples. Besides, TGA results showed thermal stability of silane treated samples was highly improved along with the increased of eggshell filler percentage with the proof of decreased in decomposition stage. In thickness swelling test, the samples achieved higher swelling percentage when the percentage of eggshell filler increased. However, the decreases of 5-6% in thickness swelling of treated sample were possibly offset by the enhancement in fiber/ matrix interfacial adhesion. In conclusion, silane treatment can modified fiber’s surface and its structure, therefore silane treated samples showed the increased in crystallinity, enhanced in its thermal stability and also reduced in the water absorption. Besides, eggshell fillers helped to increase water absorption and thickness swelling percentage on samples.

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Year Project Report
Faculty: Faculty of Earth Sciences
Depositing User: En. Shahrul Afzan Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 05:11
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2017 05:49
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