Studies on the Characterization of Agriculture Waste (Rice Husk) for the Production of Bioethanol

Jamil, Nur Azmeera Syuhada (2016) Studies on the Characterization of Agriculture Waste (Rice Husk) for the Production of Bioethanol. [Undergraduate Final Year Project Report] (Submitted)

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Abstract

The utilization of agricultural waste as second generation biofuels or byproduct had given an intense attraction to the reseachers as it is an eco-friendly renewable alternative that would be beneficial for the environment to recycle the waste to produce eco-material that have high end value. In this study, rice husk for the production of bioethanol was investigated. Rice husk was treated with alkali pretreatment to study the effect of pretreatment. Structural change for both untreated and NaOH-treated were investigated using XRD. Bioethanol production was detected by HPLC. It was found that, NaOH-treated rice husk has a higher crystallinity than untreated rice husk with the percentage of 32.9% and 31.8% respectively. In addition, NaOH-treated rice husk gave the value of 38% ethanol concentration rather than untreated rice husk, 27% which proved that alkali pretreatment was effective in enhancing the ethanol production.

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Year Project Report
Faculty: Faculty of Earth Sciences
Depositing User: En. Shahrul Afzan Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2017 07:17
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2017 07:17
URI: http://umkeprints.umk.edu.my/id/eprint/7792
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