Characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch under Torrefaction process.

Mohamad Redzuan Mohammad Darus, (2016) Characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch under Torrefaction process. [Undergraduate Final Year Project Report] (Submitted)

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Abstract

Torrefaction is a thermal pre-treatment process to pre-treat biomass at temperature range of 200-300°C under an inert atmosphere. It was known that torrefaction process strongly depended on the decomposition of the lignocellulose constituents in biomass namely hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. In this study, the torrefaction behaviour of Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) was investigated. The study focuses on the relation between the lignocellulose constituents with torrefaction process. Residence time of 15 minutes was used and then submitted to five final torrefaction temperatures of 200, 240, 260, 280 and 300°C. The process was carried out by using D2 Phaser and S2 Ranger for x-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis. Bomb calorimeter also was used in this study to identify the calorific value of EFB. The results show the changes of phases of lignocellulose membrane from crystalline phase to amorphous phase as the temperature increases. The calorific value also increases as the torrefaction temperatures increase. From this experimental analyses, empty fruit bunch (EFB) had been found to be suitable for energy production.

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Year Project Report
Faculty: Faculty of Earth Sciences
Depositing User: En. Shahrul Afzan Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2017 07:01
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2017 07:01
URI: http://umkeprints.umk.edu.my/id/eprint/7726
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