Development of citrus scented crystal salt deodorant

Mohamad Zulhilmi Mohd Salleh, (2016) Development of citrus scented crystal salt deodorant. [Undergraduate Final Year Project Report] (Submitted)

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Abstract

This thesis is about the development of citrus scented crystal salt deodorant. Alum natural mineral salt is the world leading crystal deodorant which works in removing unpleasant body smell. Some other products attempt to block the sweat pores with harmful chemicals such as aluminum chlorohydrates or aluminum zirconium. Crystal is hypoallergenic deodorant that is healthy, safe and totally effective to inhibition odor formation on axillary. The light scent infused with natural essential oils might enhance the properties of the crystal deodorant and its antimicrobial activity in fighting body odor bacteria. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential antimicrobial activity of both citrus essential oils and the Alum salts. The essential oils were extracted from the peels of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) and orange (Citrus sinensis) by water steam distillation and analysed using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Antibacterial assay against Escherichia coli was also carried out on the extracted essential oils. The salt concentration also were analysed by the Flame atomic adsorption spectrometer (AAS) to identify any presence of constituent heavy metal. Result had showed that, D-limonene, decanal and citral were major components responsible of the citrus scents aroma and lime showed the best antibacterial activities against E. coli with values of 7.23 ± 0.15 then follow with the Alum salt with values of 11.13 ± 0.51. No constituent lead and cadmium were detected while copper and zinc were detected in the salt concentration. These citrus extract has potential to undergo a further research by exploring its active compound and has a good prospective in development as removal body odor.

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Year Project Report
Faculty: Faculty of Agro - Based Industry
Depositing User: En. Wahyudi Yusra Zulfin
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2016 01:07
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2017 07:55
URI: http://umkeprints.umk.edu.my/id/eprint/5700
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