A new spa type t5696 MRSA isolated from veterinary medicine student at Universiti Putra Malaysia

Erkihun Aklilu, (2010) A new spa type t5696 MRSA isolated from veterinary medicine student at Universiti Putra Malaysia. In: UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been spreading worldwide since its emergence. Swab samples were collected from the nostrils and oral cavity of veterinary medicine student at Universiti Putra Malaysia. Phenotypic identification of MRSA was made by employing broth enrichment, catalase and cogulase tests, mannitol fermentation test on mannitol salt agar (MSA), slide latex agglutination test, growth on selective media, Oxacillin-resistant screening agar base (ORSAB). Intense blue colonies on ORSAB presumptively confirmed MRSA. Antibiotic sensitivity tests using 15 antibiotics revealed that the isolate was resistant against Amikacin 30 μg (AK30), Amoxicillin 25 μg (AML25), Methicillin 10 μg (MET10), Oxacillin 1 μg (OX1) Streptomycin 10 μg (S10), and Tetracycline 10 μg (TE10) while being intermediately resistant Oxacillin (OX1) and susceptible to other antibiotics tested. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the isolate was 8 μg/mL. However, detection of the resistance gene mecA was proved negative. This discrepancy between phenotypic and mecA detection methods is attributed to the fact that there are other non-mecA dependent Oxacillin resistance factors in S. aureus. Amplification of the polymorphic X region of the staphylococcal protein A gene was done by PCR. Purified PCR product was sequenced, aligned and repeat numbers were assigned. Repeat sequence pattern was assigned a unique spa type, t5696. The finding hints the importance of further studies by focusing on the occurrence of MRSA in veterinary professionals and students with effective molecular typing techniques such as spa typing. This will in turn helps in understanding the similarities and uniqueness of local isolates in reference to MRSA isolates reported anywhere in the world

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords: MRSA - Antibiotic sensitivity test - MIC, mecA gene, Spa typin
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Deposited By: En. Pahmi Abdullah
Date Deposited: 28 May 2012 18:00
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2013 07:25
URI: http://umkeprints.umk.edu.my/id/eprint/406

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