Comparative study of neem (azadirachta indica), bitter gourd and albendazole (momordica charantia) extract as herbal anthelminti as chemical anthelmintic in controlling gastrointestinal nematodes in goats

Xavier, Priscilla Francis (2014) Comparative study of neem (azadirachta indica), bitter gourd and albendazole (momordica charantia) extract as herbal anthelminti as chemical anthelmintic in controlling gastrointestinal nematodes in goats. [Undergraduate Final Year Project Report] (Submitted)

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Abstract

The comparative effects of methanol extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica), Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia) and chemical anthelmintic-Albendazole on gastrointestinal nematodes infected goats were evaluated by egg per gram (EPG) count for a period of approximately three weeks. Twelve Kambing Katjang goats naturally infested with gastrointestinal parasite were selected based on EPG count (>300 EPG) and divided into four groups each consisting of three goats. Treatment I was methanol extract of A.indica (0.5 ml/kg body weight), treatment II was methanol extract of M.charantia (1 ml/kg body weight), treatment III was chemical anthelmintic, Albendazole (0.1 ml/kg body weight) and finally treatment IV was control. The treatments were administered on day 0 orally with single dosage and faecal egg count (EPG) was determined on day 4, 8 and 20. Both methanol extract of A.indica and M.charantia showed significant (p<0.01) reduction in controlling gastrointestinal nematodes infected goats compared to control group. A.indica showed gastrointestinal nematodes to be at a safe level (below 300 EPG) in goats on day 20 whereas M.charantia showed efficacy on day 8. Chemical anthelmintic showed no significant (p>0.01) reduction throughout the three weeks. The use of herbal anthelmintics, A.indica and M.charantia significant (p<0.01) anthelmintic activity when compared with control group.

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Year Project Report
Faculty: Faculty of Agro - Based Industry
Depositing User: En. Wahyudi Yusra Zulfin
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2015 04:19
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2017 02:44
URI: http://umkeprints.umk.edu.my/id/eprint/3697
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