Properties of composite boards from oil palm frond agricultural waste.

Mohd Sukhairi Mat Rasat, and Razak Wahab, and Othman Sulaiman, and Janshah Mokhtar, (2011) Properties of composite boards from oil palm frond agricultural waste. [Indexed Article]

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Properties of composite boards from oil palm frond agricultural waste were researched. Phenol and urea formaldehyde resins were used as the birders. The oil palm fronds were obtained from 20 years-old tress in an oli palm plantation in Kota Belud, Sabah. The fronds were segregated into three groups of matured , intermediate, and young oil palm fronds and futher subdivided into bottom, middle, and top sections.The leaflets and the epidermis were removed from the fronds before they were sliced longitudinally into thin layers. The layers were then comprassed into uniform thickness of 2 to 3 mm. The layers were air-dried and later mixed with resins using 12 to 15% of phenol and urea formaldehyde and recompressed with other layers, forming composite boards. The composite boards samples were then tested for thaeir physical and mechanical properties. Testing was conducted in accordance with the International Organizational for Standardization (ISO) standard. The results for physical and mechanical properties showed that oil palm composite boards were better than composite boards from oil palm trucks and slightly worse than the rubberwood. Statistical analysis indicated significant differences between composite boards made from each group and section, but no differences were observed in the type of resin used. The composite boards from oil palm fronds agricultural residues has the potential to be used as an alternative to wood to overcome the shortage in materials in the wood industry.

Item Type: Indexed Article
Keywords: Oil palm fronds, Composite boards, Physical properties, Mechanical strengh.
Faculty: Faculty of Earth Sciences
Deposited By: En. Pahmi Abdullah
Date Deposited: 14 May 2012 17:20
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2016 08:30

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